Free Music Theory

All 24 Major and Minor Scales

Order of Sharps (#):

F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#, B# – (Fat cats go down alleys eating bread)

Order of Flats (b):

Bb, Eb, Ab, Db, Gb, Cb, Fb – (B.E.A.D. Gum Candy Fruit)

Major Scale Formula:

whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half” or W-W-H-W-W-W-H

Natural Minor Scale Formula:

whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole” or W‑H‑W‑W‑H‑W‑W 

Harmonic Minor Scale:

Same as the natural minor scale but the 7th note gets sharped

Practice the scales below ONE hand at a time using a metronome (Starting BPM: 60)

Sheet music provided By Gilbert DeBenedetti

One Octave Major Scales

One Octave Harmonic Minor Scales (#7)